Sunday, September 24, 2017

A System for Monitoring and Managing Drone Traffic was Proposed by DJI

Drones are increasingly occupying the sky that resulted into some incident involving other flying machines. As we know, drones are becoming into commodities, using it for fun or using it to take awesome aerial images or videos. But, there is still a missing guidelines that needs to be set in order for this drones to be safe. World’s leading drone maker, DJI believes that it does not needs any new equipment or huge database for monitoring drone traffic, current technology and local communication protocols could provide this as the starting phase for this. The drone manufacturer outlines a regulation for safety especially in increasing number of drone traffic in two white paper, which was delivered to a drone conference in Montreal led by International Civil Aviation Organization. According to Walter Stockwell, DJI’s Director for Technical Standard “The rapid adoption of drones for business, academic, government and nonprofit uses has generated enormous benefits for society, but it has also raised concerns about how authorities can identify drones and ensure they operate safely in complex airspace.” He added “Rather than develop complicated new systems using untested technology, DJI believes industry and government can address these challenges with equipment available today, and without requiring every drone flight to be permanently recorded in a government database.” DJI also proposed that Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) system does not need a centralized control center for establishing flight paths and helping drones to avoid aircraft, obstacles and other drones. On other hand, the On-board Anti Collision Technology (OTAs) which is a feature now on many drones, can be used for coordinating flight paths and avoid obstacles, and this feature have an obstacle sensing system, radio transmitters and receivers for communicating with others drones. This is the other white paper, available here. The white paper states “We envision a future in which drones will be smart enough to navigate safely through the airspace, avoiding obstacles, each other, and manned traffic, all on their own, in most locations. Because OATs are less complex than an end-to-end automated traffic management system, because they present fewer points of failure, and because they can be deployed with no required investment in ground-based infrastructure, we expect these technologies will receive regulatory approval well before a networked UTM system will.” Stockwell added “No other technology is subject to mandatory industry-wide tracking and recording of its use, and we strongly urge against making (drones) the first such technology. The case for such an Orwellian model has not been made. The focus of the primary method for remote identification should be on a way for anyone concerned about a drone flight in close proximity to report an identifier number to the authorities, who would then have the tools to investigate the complaint without infringing on operator privacy.” DJI developed a working system that uses this principle, detecting radio signals that transmitted by their drones and displaying them on a screen where authorities could check registration numbers and monitor its activities. This system can be easily adopted to use similar wireless transmission protocol on other drone manufacturer, including those hobbyist and innovator. This system is currently deployed in two international airports for testing and evaluation, since April 2017.